Sweet Potatoes & Yams
boniato = tropical sweet potato = Cuban sweet potato = white sweet potato = white-fleshed sweet potato = batiste = batata = batata dulce = camote Notes: Boniatos aren't as sweet and moist as other sweet potatoes, but many people prefer their fluffier consistency and more delicate flavor. Store them at room temperature and use them soon after your purchase them, since they tend to spoil quickly. Substitutes: sweet potato (This is sweeter and moister than a boniato.) OR yam (moister) OR russet potato
Cuban sweet potato
cush-cush See tropical yam.
greater yam See tropical yam.
igname Pronunciation: EE-nyahm
Japanese yam = satsuma imo = kotobuki = Japanese sweet potato Notes: Don't confuse this with yamaimo.
mapuey See tropical yam.
namé Pronunciation: nah-MAY
Okinawan purple potato = Okinawan yam Notes: The flesh of this Japanese sweet potato is vivid purple. It's perfect for tempura, but it can also be baked, sauteed, boiled, steamed, or mashed. Substitutes: Japanese yam
sweet potato Notes: In American supermarkets, sweet potatoes are displayed next to something called "yams," which are moister than sweet potatoes and have darker skins. But according to the rest of the world (and botanists), we have it all wrong. To them, our "yams" are just a variety of sweet potatoes. They use the word yam to describe a completely different vegetable, something we call a tropical yam.
Sweet potatoes are quite versatile, but they're most often baked, candied, or made into pies. It's best not to boil them, as they'll lose much of their flavor.
Substitutes: yams (less mealy and sweeter than sweet potato) OR boniato (less sweet and fluffier) OR mashed cooked pumpkin (especially for pies)
tropical sweet potato
tropical yam = true yam = greater yam = cush-cush = mapuey = yampi = namé = name = nyami = igname Notes: These firm, white-fleshed yams are widely used in tropical countries. They're somewhat bland and dry, so they're often served with spicy sauces. Substitutes: sweet potato
true yam See tropical yam.
yacon Substitutes: sweet potato OR yam
yam = moist-fleshed sweet potato Notes: Americans use the word "yam" to refer to a sweet, moist, orange-fleshed variety of sweet potato. To everyone else in the world, a yam is what Americans call a tropical yam, a firm tuber with white flesh. Varieties of American "yams" (sweet potatoes) include the garnet yam (pictured at left) and the jewel yam. Substitutes: sweet potatoes (drier, less sweet, and often more expensive)
yamaimo = Japanese mountain yam Notes: This is a sticky yam that the Japanese peel and grate or julienne for salads. It's also fried or used to make soba noodles.
yampi See tropical yam.
Copyright © 1996-2005 Lori Alden