asem candis Notes: This is a souring agent used in Indonesia. It's very hard to find. Substitutes: kokum
basil seed = sweet basil seed Notes: Look for it in Southeast Asian markets.
black sesame seeds Notes: Look for this in Asian markets Substitutes: white sesame seeds (Toast them before using. They're not as pungent as black sesame seeds.)
brown peppercorn See Szechwan peppercorn.
Chinese aromatic pepper See Szechwan peppercorn.
Chinese pepper See Szechwan peppercorn.
Chinese star anise See star anise.
flower pepper See Szechwan peppercorn.
Japanese pepper See Szechwan peppercorn.
long pepper Notes: Look for this in Indian or Southeast Asian markets. The seeds come in clumps that look like tiny pine cones. Substitutes: black pepper (milder) OR crushed red pepper
sansho See Szechwan peppercorn.
Sichuan peppercorn See Szechwan peppercorn.
star anise = anise = whole anise = Chinese star anise = Chinese anise Pronunciation: ANN-us Notes: Asian cooks use star anise to give a licorice flavor to savory dishes, particularly those with pork and poultry. It's available whole or ground. Use it sparingly--a little goes a long way. Substitutes: anise seed + pinch of allspice (weaker flavor; 1 crushed star anise = 1/2 teaspoon crushed anise seed) OR Chinese five-spice powder (contains star anise and other spices) OR anise extract (use just a few drops)
Szechwan peppercorn = Sichuan peppercorn = Szechuan peppercorn = anise pepper = brown peppercorn = Chinese aromatic pepper = Chinese pepper = flower pepper = sancho = Japanese pepper = Japan pepper = wild pepper = fagara pepper Notes: These aren't true peppercorns, but rather dried flower buds. You're most likely to encounter them as part of a mixture, like the Chinese five-spice powder or the Japanese shichimi togarashi. Toast Szechwan peppercorns briefly in a hot pan before using. Pronunciation: SITCH-wan OR SITCH-oo-an PEP-er-corn Substitutes: lemon pepper OR black peppercorns OR equal parts black peppercorns and aniseed
whole anise See star anise.
Copyright © 1996-2005 Lori Alden