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Green Onions & Leeks

bunching onion  See green onion

calcot  Notes:   This is a large, Spanish variety of green onion.  Substitutes: small leeks OR green onions

Chinese onion  See green onion

cibol  See green onion

green onion  = scallion = bunching onion = shallot (in Australia) = spring onion (in Britain) = Chinese onion = stone leek = cibol    Equivalents:   1 bunch = 1/4 pound = 1/2 cup sliced   Notes:  These are onions that have small bulbs and long green stalks. They're usually eaten raw, but you can also grill or sauté them.  Some people also use the term green onions to refer to onion tops, shallot tops and young leeks.   Substitutes:  spring onions OR leeks OR shallots OR chives (if used raw)   


leek  Notes:  Leeks look like large green onions, and they have a more complex onion flavor. They're often cooked as a vegetable side dish, or used in soups. Be sure to wash them thoroughly before cooking as the leaves are notorious for collecting dirt.   Substitutes:  yellow onion OR asparagus (as a side vegetable) OR ramps  

ramps = ramp = wild leek = Tennessee truffle    Notes:  These have a strong onion-garlic flavor which tends to linger on the breath.  Despite their humble Appalachian origins, ramps tend to be pricey and are usually found in gourmet produce markets.   They're available from March to June.   Substitutes:  leeks (milder, larger) OR Chinese chives Or green garlic

scallion  See green onion

shallot (in Australia)  See green onion.   Americans use the term shallot to refer to a small, mild dry onion.

spring onion   Notes:   Some people use the name spring onion as a synonym for green onion, while others use it to refer to a green onion with a partially formed bulb.    Substitutes:  green onions OR ramps OR leeks

stone leek  See green onion.

Tennessee truffle  See ramps.

wild leek  See ramps


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