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Indian Herbs


curry leaf = meetha neem = kari patta   Notes:   These look like small bay leaves and smell like limes.  Dried leaves are easier to find than fresh, but they aren't very good. Substitutes:  bay leaf (different flavor) OR basil (different flavor) OR kaffir lime leaves (different flavor)


fenugreek leaves  = holba = methi leaves   Pronunciation:  FEHN-yoo-greek   Notes:   This mildly bitter herb is believed to have medicinal properties.   Dried leaves, either whole or ground, are called kasuri methi, and they're a good substitute for fresh.  Look for fresh or dried leaves in Indian markets.  Substitutes:  celery leaves


Indian bay leaf    Notes:  Dried leaves are very good substitutes for fresh.  Don't confuse these with Indonesian bay leaves.   Substitutes:  bay leaf (Bay laurel leaves are larger and more flavorful than Indian bay leaves.  Substitute one bay laurel leaf for every two Indian bay leaves.)

meetha neem

methi leaves

turmeric leaves   Notes:  These are used in Indian and Southeast Asian dishes.  Substitutes:  No acceptable substitutes, just omit this from the recipe



1 tablespoon fresh = 1 teaspoon dried

Copyright 1996-2005  Lori Alden