Fatty, Flaky-textured Fish
arctic char Notes: A trout relative, the arctic char is highly prized for its sweetness and tenderness. It's often roasted or smoked. Substitutes: salmon OR striped bass
ayu = ayu fish = aroma fish Notes: Japanese fishermen tie knots around the necks of cormorants (black sea birds) and have them dive and catch these exquisite fish. They're very sweet and delicate.
black cod See sablefish.
bluefish Substitutes: butterfish (milder flavor) OR whitefish (milder flavor) OR mackerel OR striped bass
buffalo See buffalofish.
buffalofish = buffalo Substitutes: butterfish OR whitefish
butterfish (this name is sometimes also given to sablefish) Substitutes: harvestfish OR bluefish (stronger flavor) OR buffalofish OR whitefish
chum salmon = dog salmon
dog salmon See chum salmon.
escobar Notes: This excellent Hawaiian fish tastes like a buttery halibut. Substitutes: salmon OR halibut
harvestfish Substitutes: butterfish ORbluefish OR herring
Hawaiian salmon See rainbow runner.
herring Substitutes: shad (larger) OR smelt OR mackerel OR small trout
humpback salmon See pink salmon.
kamanu See rainbow runner.
king salmon See chinook salmon.
mackerel Substitutes: Spanish mackerel OR shad OR bluefish OR herring OR small trout Storage: Unopened canned mackerel can be stored for up to a year in a dry, cool place. Once opened, it will keep for up to two days if you wrap it well and refrigerate it.
medium red salmon See coho salmon.
pink salmon = humpback salmon Substitutes: chum (larger) OR chinook (better quality)
rainbow runner = kamanu = Hawaiian salmon Substitutes: salmon
red salmon = sockeye salmon = blueback salmon Substitutes: other salmon (flesh not as red)
sablefish = black cod = (incorrectly) butterfish Substitutes: butterfish OR whitefish OR buffalofish
salmon (see also coho salmon, chinook salmon, red sockeye, pink salmon, and chum salmon) Substitutes: swordfish OR mahi-mahi (milder flavor) OR albacore OR bonita OR marlin OR striped bass OR trout OR arctic char Storage: Unopened canned salmon can be stored for up to a year in a dry, cool place. Once opened, it will keep for up to two days if you wrap it well and refrigerate it.
sardines Substitutes: anchovies OR smelts OR small herring OR small mackerel Storage: Unopened canned sardines can be stored for up to a year in a dry, cool place. Once opened, they will keep for up to two days if you wrap them well and refrigerate them.
sea trout Substitutes: salmon
shad Substitutes: herring (smaller) OR mackerel OR freshwater bass
silver salmon See coho salmon.
smelt Substitutes: shad (fattier) OR anchovies (much stronger flavor) OR sardines (much stronger flavor) OR mackerel Spanish mackerel = Pacific sierra Substitutes: Sierra OR other mackerel
spring salmon See chinook salmon.
trout Notes: Includes rainbow trout = steelhead. Substitutes: shad OR whitefish (flakier) OR sablefish (flakier) OR salmon OR perch
whitefish Substitutes: catfish OR pike OR trout
Copyright © 1996-2005 Lori Alden, Coho salmon, pink salmon, and Spanish mackerel photos adapted from U.S. Government photos.